spirit


spirit
The Hebrew ruach means wind (Exod. 10:13) or breath (Gen. 6:17) or divine power (Ezek. 37:9 f.) All imply something awesome. In the NT the Greek pneuma has a width of meaning—the spirit would come as fire and judgement [[➝ Judgement]] (Matt. 3:11 f.), its coming on the disciples at Pentecost resembled fire (Acts 2:3) but the sound was like wind (Greek, pneuma). Prefaced by the adjective ‘holy’, the reference is to the divine Spirit, or Spirit of God. As such it is not mentioned very much in the synoptic gospels, since in Christian belief this Spirit was not given before the Lord's resurrection]]glorification (John 7:39). But at a few significant and exceptional moments the Spirit is said to come—at Jesus' conception (Luke 1:35) and baptism (Luke 3:16 f.). He was driven by the Spirit into the wilderness (Mark 1:12). The Spirit is promised to the disciples (Mark 13:11; Luke 11:13) and the promise is fulfilled for the assembled Church at Pentecost (Acts 2) and on individuals at the beginning of their new life (Gal. 3:2 f.; Rom. 8:9 ff. Cf. John 3:3 ff.). The coming of the Spirit brought joy (a word which sometimes seems equivalent to Spirit, as in Acts 8:39) and a variety of gifts (1 Cor. 12:4 ff.) for building up the Church. The Spirit reveals new truth to every generation (John 14:26; 16:12 f.) and it is by the Spirit that the believer is enabled to recognize who Jesus is (1 Cor. 12:3) and to follow his example (2 Cor. 3:18).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Spirit — Spir it, n. [OF. espirit, esperit, F. esprit, L. spiritus, from spirare to breathe, to blow. Cf. {Conspire}, {Expire}, {Esprit}, {Sprite}.] 1. Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes, life itself. [Obs.] All of spirit would… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spirit — SPÍRIT, spirite, s.n. I. 1. Factor ideal al existenţei (opus materiei); conştiinţă, gândire; p. ext. minte, raţiune, intelect. ♦ Inteligenţă, deşteptăciune, isteţime; capacitate de imaginaţie, fantezie. ♢ expr. (Om) de (sau cu) spirit = (om) cu… …   Dicționar Român

  • Spirit — (engl.: Geist) ist: Spirit (Band), eine amerikanische Band Spirit (CAD), eine CAD Software für Windows Spirit Racing, ein ehemaliges Formel 1 Team Spirit (Parser), ein rekursiv absteigender objekt orientierter Parsergenerator Spirit (Raumsonde),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spirit of '76 — can refer to a variety of things, including:*Spirit of 76 (history), a patriotic phrase related to the United States declaration of liberty from the United Kingdom in 1776 *A famous painting by Archibald MacNeal Willard commemorating U.S.… …   Wikipedia

  • Spirit — • Used in several different but allied senses: (1) as signifying a living, intelligent, incorporeal being, such as the soul; (2) as the fiery essence or breath (the Stoic pneuma) which was supposed to be the universal vital force; (3) as… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Spirit MC — Spirit Martial Challenge (Spirit MC) is a South Korean mixed martial arts promotion operated by Entlian Corporation.The promotion is separated into Spirit MC (Professional League), Spirit MC Inter League, Spirit MC Amateur League. Amateur League… …   Wikipedia

  • spirit — [spir′it] n. [ME < OFr espirit < L spiritus, breath, courage, vigor, the soul, life, in LL(Ec), spirit < spirare, to blow, breathe < IE base * (s)peis , to blow > (prob.) Norw fisa, to puff, blow, OSlav piskati, to pipe, whistle] 1 …   English World dictionary

  • spirit — ► NOUN 1) a person s non physical being, composed of their character and emotions. 2) this regarded as surviving after the death of the body, often manifested as a ghost. 3) a supernatural being. 4) the prevailing or typical character, quality,… …   English terms dictionary

  • Spirit — Spir it, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Spirited}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Spiriting}.] 1. To animate with vigor; to excite; to encourage; to inspirit; as, civil dissensions often spirit the ambition of private men; sometimes followed by up. [1913 Webster] Many… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • špirit — špìrit m DEFINICIJA kem. alkohol koji se dobiva procesom alkoholnog vrenja od voćnih sokova, melase škroba i celuloze, a i sintetičkim putem; žesta SINTAGMA denaturirani špirit špirit kojem su dodane tvari da se ne može piti (nego upotrebljavati… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • spirit — [n1] soul, attitude air, animation, ardor, backbone*, boldness, breath, character, complexion, courage, dauntlessness, disposition, earnestness, energy, enterprise, enthusiasm, essence, fire, force, frame of mind, gameness, grit*, guts*, heart,… …   New thesaurus